Fighting Disease

///Fighting Disease

New Buzz about a Malaria Prevention Drug

Most malaria drugs are designed to reduce symptoms after infection. They work by blocking replication of the disease-causing parasites in human blood, but they don’t prevent infection or transmission via mosquitoes. What’s worse, the malaria parasite is developing resistance to existing drugs. “In many ways, the search for new malaria drugs has been a search

2018-12-10T07:29:10+00:00Tags: |

The vaccine saving the lives of Pacific children

This week, we marked World Pneumonia Day. Pneumonia is the single largest infectious cause of death in children worldwide, and about one-third of all childhood deaths from pneumonia are a result of the pneumococcal bacteria. Sadly, most of the deaths as a result of pneumonia occur in poor children from low and middle-income countries. These

2018-11-28T06:10:27+00:00Tags: |

No sweat required: Hypertension treatment mimics effect of exercise

Hypertension researchers at The University of Toledo have shown that by increasing the body's supply of beta hydroxybutyrate, a chemical produced predominantly by the liver, it is possible to regulate high blood pressure without reducing sodium intake or increasing exercise. "Our team found that high salt consumption lowered levels of circulating beta hydroxybutyrate. When we

2018-10-17T08:31:45+00:00Tags: |

Eye infection in contact lens wearers can cause blindness

A new outbreak of a rare but preventable eye infection that can cause blindness, has been identified in contact lens wearers in a new study led by UCL and Moorfields Eye Hospital researchers. The research team found a threefold increase in Acanthamoeba keratitis since 2011 in South-East England. Reusable contact lens wearers with the eye

2018-09-21T11:58:59+00:00Tags: |

Long-term cooking with coal, wood, or charcoal associated with cardiovascular death

Long-term use of coal, wood, or charcoal for cooking is associated with an increased risk of death from cardiovascular disease, according to a study presented today at ESC Congress 2018.1 Dr Derrick Bennett, study author, University of Oxford, UK, said: "Our study suggests that people who use solid fuels for cooking should switch to electricity

2018-08-27T16:04:01+00:00Tags: |

Scientists Create a Mouse That Eats Fat But Doesn’t Get Fat, Possible Treatment for Obesity

Yale scientists set out to create a morbidly obese mouse. They failed miserably. What they found was much more interesting. “We created a mouse that eats fat but doesn’t get fat,” said Anne Eichmann, Ensign Professor of Medicine (Cardiology) and Professor of Cellular And Molecular Physiology. The “failure” led Eichmann’s team headed by Associate Research

2018-08-16T08:36:52+00:00Tags: |

A Deadly 18th Century Disease Is Making a Comeback in Some of The World’s Richest Countries

In the modern world, we don't think of malnutrition as something found in wealthy countries, like the United States. And yet, a notorious 18th century disease caused by the lack of a single vitamin has been rearing its head in a nation that wastes a quarter of its food every year. Vitamin C was only

2018-08-14T06:34:46+00:00Tags: |

Rotavirus vaccine cuts infant deaths by a third in Malawi

The study led by scientists at the University of Liverpool, UCL, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and partners in Malawi provides the first population-level evidence from a low-income country that rotavirus vaccination saves lives. The findings, published in The Lancet Global Health, add considerable weight to the World Health Organisation’s (WHO) recommendation for

2018-08-13T08:18:22+00:00Tags: |

Brain discovery could block aging’s terrible toll on the mind

Aging vessels connecting the brain and the immune system play critical roles in both Alzheimer's disease and the decline in cognitive ability that comes with time, new research reveals. By improving the function of the lymphatic vessels, scientists at the University of Virginia School of Medicine have dramatically enhanced aged mice's ability to learn and

2018-07-30T07:28:17+00:00Tags: |

Discovery reveals how obesity causes disease — and two ways to stop it

New research from the University of Virginia School of Medicine explains why obesity causes harmful inflammation that can lead to diabetes, clogged arteries and other health problems. Doctors may be able to use this knowledge to battle these chronic diseases and others driven by damaging inflammation. "All these diseases have a common denominator," said researcher

2018-07-25T19:59:46+00:00Tags: |

Immunotherapy doubles survival rates for patients with melanoma brain metastases

Cancer immunotherapies and targeted therapy have revolutionized how clinicians take care of patients with advanced skin cancer and have led to long lasting treatment responses for many of them. However, little is known about the survival impact of these therapies for a substantial group of patients. Melanoma patients with cancer that has spread to the

2018-07-16T09:34:26+00:00Tags: |

Bioengineers create pathway to personalized medicine

Engineering cellular biology, minus the actual cell, is a growing area of interest in biotechnology and synthetic biology. It’s known as cell-free protein synthesis, or CFPS, and it has potential to provide sustainable ways to make chemicals, medicines and biomaterials. Unfortunately, a long-standing gap in cell-free systems is the ability to manufacture glycosylated proteins –

2018-07-16T09:14:32+00:00Tags: |

Biomarker discovered for pathogen that can blind or kill healthy young people

BUFFALO, N.Y. — Imagine a pathogen that infects completely healthy people and can cause blindness in one day and flesh-eating infections, brain abscesses and death in just a few days. Now imagine that this pathogen is also resistant to all antibiotics. This is the nightmare scenario that obsesses Thomas A. Russo, MD, professor of medicine

2018-07-08T07:12:21+00:00Tags: |

Putting the brakes on metastatic cancer

In a new study published in Nature Communications, the team found that by inhibiting several newly identified gene targets they could block more than 99.5 per cent of cancer metastasis in living cells. "The potential significance is incredible," said John Lewis, the Alberta Cancer Foundation Frank and Carla Sojonky Chair in Prostate Cancer Research at

2018-06-25T09:47:36+00:00Tags: |

Why being left-handed matters for mental health treatment

According to a radical new model of emotion in the brain, a current treatment for the most common mental health problems could be ineffective or even detrimental to about 50 percent of the population. Since the 1970s, hundreds of studies have suggested that each hemisphere of the brain is home to a specific type of

2018-06-19T15:39:12+00:00Tags: |

Ghana eliminates trachoma

Ghana has become the first country in sub-Saharan Africa to eliminate trachoma, the leading infectious cause of blindness worldwide, the World Health Organization announced Wednesday. Experts credited community, regional, and international collaboration across the public and private sectors for stamping out the disease, which in 2000 threatened more than 2.8 million people in Ghana with blindness, or

2018-06-22T03:16:42+00:00Tags: |

A better way of living

There was an irony to Aaron Bernstein’s getting stuck in traffic recently. The Harvard Medical School professor and physician at Boston Children’s Hospital was on his way to Allston to give a talk about the health benefits of going green. “As a routine bicyclist, I rarely drive anywhere in Boston, and I was reminded on

2018-06-18T14:44:03+00:00Tags: |

Scientists find potential disease-fighting ‘warheads’ hidden in bacteria

Bacteria found in soil may harbor a potential game-changer for drug design. A new study by Scripps Research, published today in Nature Communications, suggests scientists could build better drugs by learning from bacteria-derived molecules called thiocarboxylic acids. The finding comes from Ben Shen, PhD, and his colleagues on the Florida campus of Scripps Research. The

2018-06-18T10:44:26+00:00Tags: |