Climate Change

Climate change has fish moving faster than regulations can keep up

The world’s system for allocating fish stocks is being outpaced by the movement of fish species in response to climate change, according to a study undertaken by an international team of marine ecologists, fisheries and social scientists, and lawyers. “Fish fleeing warming waters will cross national boundaries and add new ‘shareholders’ to existing fisheries,” said

2018-06-19T15:47:39+00:00Tags: |

Global warming can be limited to 1.5°C by changing how we travel, heat homes, use devices

A new study published in Nature Energy shows that dramatic transformations in the way we move around, heat and cool our homes, and buy and use devices and appliances in our cities can help raise living standards in the global South to meet UN Sustainable Development Goals while also remaining within the 1.5°C target set

2018-06-11T07:36:47+00:00Tags: |

Researchers shine a light on more accurate way to estimate climate change

DURHAM, N.H. – It doesn’t matter if it’s a forest, a soybean field, or a prairie, all plants take up carbon dioxide during photosynthesis – the process where they use sunlight to convert water and carbon dioxide into food. During this changeover, the plants emit an energy “glow” that is not visible to the human

2018-06-06T08:40:50+00:00Tags: |

Dusty Rainfall Records Reveal New Understanding of Climate

Ancient rainfall records stretching 550,000 years into the past may upend scientists' understanding of what controls the Asian summer monsoon and other aspects of the Earth's long-term climate, reports a University of Arizona-led international team of researchers in the May 25 issue of the journal Science. The standard explanation of the Earth's regular shifts from

2018-05-28T15:58:10+00:00Tags: |

Climate-smart production boosts West African rice self-sufficiency

The System for Rice Intensification (SRI) has significant potential to close the rice production gap in West Africa and put the region on the path to rice self-sufficiency, according to a new book published by researchers from Cornell University and the National Center of Specialization on Rice (NCoS-Rice), based in Mali, for the West and

2018-05-02T16:42:14+00:00Tags: |

The Secret To Protecting Places Vulnerable To Climate Change

Individuals living in the most vulnerable areas around the globe are already familiar with the daily effects of climate change, and for small island nations like the Seychelles in the Indian Ocean, the impacts are devastating. Widespread coral die-off from warmer ocean temperatures compounds the issue: As coral reefs die, they are less effective as a

Human influence on climate change will fuel more extreme heat waves in US

MIAMI—Human-caused climate change will drive more extreme summer heat waves in the western U.S., including in California and the Southwest as early as 2020, new research shows. The new analysis of heat wave patterns across the U.S., led by scientists at the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science (UM) based Cooperative

2018-03-20T07:55:42+00:00Tags: |

Making climate impacts feel nearby may not inspire action

Although scientists warn that urgent action is needed to stop climate change, public engagement continues to lag. Many social scientists say people are hesitant to act on climate change because, especially in Western industrialized countries like the U.S., it feels like such a distant threat. New research from a Cornell University communication professor upends that

2018-03-20T07:38:51+00:00Tags: |

Up in Smoke

Each year, the Earth’s trees suck more than a hundred billion tons of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. That’s an impossibly huge number to consider, about 60 times the weight of all the humans currently on the planet. Our forests perform a cornucopia of services: Serving as a stabilizing force for nearly all of terrestrial life, they foster biodiversity and even make

Humidity May Prove Breaking Point for Some Areas as Temperatures Rise

Climate scientists say that killer heat waves will become increasingly prevalent in many regions as climate warms. However, most projections leave out a major factor that could worsen things: humidity, which can greatly magnify the effects of heat alone. Now, a new global study projects that in coming decades the effects of high humidity in

2018-01-01T06:35:59+00:00Tags: |

Warmer, wetter climate could mean stronger, more intense storms

How would today’s weather patterns look in a warmer, wetter atmosphere – an expected shift portended by climate change? Colorado State University researcher Kristen Rasmussen offers new insight into this question – specifically, how thunderstorms would be different in a warmer world. The assistant professor of atmospheric science works at the interface of weather and

2017-12-21T11:21:07+00:00Tags: |

North American storm clusters could produce 80 percent more rain

BOULDER, Colo. — Major clusters of summertime thunderstorms in North America will grow larger, more intense, and more frequent later this century in a changing climate, unleashing far more rain and posing a greater threat of flooding across wide areas, new research concludes. The study, by scientists at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR),

2017-11-24T15:15:18+00:00Tags: |

Soil holds potential to slow global warming, Stanford researchers find

If you want to do something about global warming, look under your feet. Managed well, soil’s ability to trap carbon dioxide is potentially much greater than previously estimated, according to Stanford researchers who claim the resource could “significantly” offset increasing global emissions. They call for a reversal of federal cutbacks to related research programs to

2017-10-09T08:51:03+00:00Tags: |

Extreme weather has limited effect on attitudes toward climate policies

BLOOMINGTON, Ind. -- People who recently experienced severe weather events such as floods, storms and drought are more likely to support policies to adapt to the effects of climate change, according to a new study co-authored by an Indiana University researcher. But the relationship between exposure to extreme weather and support for climate policies is

2017-09-13T07:52:06+00:00Tags: |

What changes when you warm the Antarctic Ocean just 1 degree? Lots

After warming a natural seabed in the Antarctic Ocean by just 1° or 2° Celsius, researchers observed massive impacts on a marine assemblage, as growth rates nearly doubled. The findings of what the researchers call the "most realistic ocean warming experiment to date" reported in Current Biology on August 31 show that the effects of

2017-09-03T20:13:08+00:00Tags: |

Dramatic changes needed in farming practices to keep pace with climate change

Major changes in agricultural practices will be required to offset increases in nutrient losses due to climate change, according to research published by a Lancaster University-led team. To combat repeated, damaging storm events, which strip agricultural land of soil and nutrients, farmers are already adopting measures to conserve these assets where they are needed. But

2017-08-05T18:41:47+00:00Tags: |

Climate change to deplete some US water basins used for irrigation

A new study by MIT climate scientists, economists, and agriculture experts finds that certain hotspots in the country will experience severe reductions in crop yields by 2050, due to climate change’s impact on irrigation. The most adversely affected region, according to the researchers, will be the Southwest. Already a water-stressed part of the country, this

2017-07-13T10:12:15+00:00Tags: , |